> INTRODUCTION > Activities & Powers > on Legislation
||September 1st of each year
||No more than 100 days
- To confirm the budget bill for the next fiscal year
- To work on legislative bills and other items
- To conduct speeches by representatives of negotiating groups and an annual inspection of the state administration.
||Upon the request of the President of the Republic or a quarter or more of all the members of the National Assembly
||No more than 30 days
- To listen to the government's explanations of major current issues and discuss ways to address them
- To work on legislative bills and other agenda items
- The National Assembly shall be convened for a certain period of time, referred to as "Session".
- The National Assembly shall be able to deliberate on the agenda items while in session.
Annual Schedule of the National Assembly
- The Speaker of the National Assembly shall set out the basic floor schedules for the following year by December 31st of each year, upon consultation with the representative assemblyman of the negotiating groups.
- The schedules of a newly established National Assembly following the general election shall be set by June 30th.
Right to Propose and Decide upon Amendments to the Constitution
Amendments to the Constitution
Amending the Constitution shall refer to making a change in the form or content of the Constitution by modifying or deleting a certain article or paragraph or by adding a new article or paragraph through lawful procedures as provided in the Constitution. The National Assembly shall exercise the right to propose or submit a resolution on an amendment to the Constitution, to increase the possibility of building consensus among the public on such amendment.
Procedure for amending the Constitution
- By majority vote of the regisbered members
- By the President
- To be presented to the public by the President no less than 20 days
- By majority vote of 2/3 or more of the registered members
- By a majority of eligible voters
Right to Enact and Amend Law
Since a law-governed country is run according to law, the most essential power of the National Assembly is to enact, amend, and abolish laws.
Right to Consent to the Conclusion and Ratification of Treaties
- Since treaties have the same effect as domestic laws of the Republic of Korea, and since they can significantly affect the rights and duties of the people and the country’s finance, the National Assembly shall exercise the right to consent to the conclusion and ratification of a treaty, to build consensus among the public on the treaty.
- The National Assembly shall have the right to consent to the conclusion and ratification of treaties pertaining to mutual assistance or mutual security; treaties concerning important international organizations; treaties of friendship, trade and navigation; treaties pertaining to any restriction in sovereignty; peace treaties; treaties which will burden the State or people with an important financial obligation; and treaties related to legislative matters.